Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT)

Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a relatively simple, noninvasive measure that uses ultrasound to detect the presence and extent of atherosclerosis in an artery. Atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of coronary heart disease is characterized by an accumulation of lipids, white blood cells and cell debris in the inner layers of the arterial wall. Atherosclerotic plaques may cause blockages in … Read more

Added Sugar – Why and How to Avoid It

When it comes to the science of nutrition, everyone seems to have an opinion. Consequently, there is huge disagreement, even among the experts. If we ask for advice, there are likely to be dozen different answers. So, in the era of information overflow, the general population, has become severely confused. Apart from having to choose … Read more

Broken Heart Syndrome (Stress Cardiomyopathy)

Emotional stress is a known risk factor for developing heart disease (1). Never is this relationship more evident than in the broken heart syndrome, an acute heart disorder that is directly precipitated and caused by an emotionally stressful event. The broken heart syndrome, also called stress cardiomyopathy (stress-induced cardiomyopathy), apical ballooning syndrome, or takotsubo cardiomyopathy … Read more

Saturated Fat Back in the Gutter; Failing to see the bigger picture

Saturated fat is the bad boy once again according to a paper recently published online in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (1). The authors of the paper, led by Li Yanping from the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health, conclude that unsaturated fatty acids, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) … Read more

The Omega-3 Index

Although regular intake of omega-3 fatty acids is believed to have several health benefits, some questions remain unanswered. Do we all need more omega-3 or just some of us? Is eating fish sufficient or do we need to take supplements? Is there a way to tell if the cells in our body are getting enough omega-3 or if we … Read more

Less Heart Disease Despite More Diabetes; The Role of Diet

The diverging trends in heart disease and diabetes represent a public health paradox of immense importance. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are well-known risk factors for coronary heart disease. However, whereas the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is increasing, the death rate from coronary heart disease is declining. This interesting paradox was recently addressed in two … Read more

Aspirin for Disease Prevention – The Role of Baby Aspirin

I often encounter people who have taken baby aspirin for years because somebody once told them it was a good idea. In fact, low-dose aspirin is quite popular among healthy people for the purpose of reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Tens of millions of people in the United States take it daily to … Read more

Which Is Most Atherogenic, High-Fat Cheese, High-Fat Meat or Carbs?

Atherosclerosis is the most common underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD. It is caused by a complex interplay between lipoproteins, white blood cells, the immune system and the normal elements of the arterial wall. Atherosclerosis can affect all arteries in the body but seems to have a strong affinity for the coronary arteries. The resulting … Read more

Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter – AFib Explained

Arrhythmia is a term that is used to describe disorders of heart rhythm. It may be an irregular rhythm, or rapid or slow beating of the heart. Although most arrhythmias are completely innocent, some may need medical attention, and a few are life-threatening. The term palpitations describes an awareness of heart muscle contractions in the … Read more