Menopausal Hormone Therapy – The Pros and Cons

Menopausal hormone therapy is an effective treatment for hot flashes associated with menopause. It may also help prevent bone loss (osteoporosis) and reduce the risk of bone fractures in postmenopausal women. However, menopausal hormone therapy may also be associated with risks for the patient. The risks depend on the individual treated, the type of hormone … Read more

LDL-Cholesterol – The “Bad” Cholesterol Explained

There are several reasons why we should be interested in the numbers reflecting the amount of cholesterol circulating in our bloodstream. However, to be able to interpret these numbers we have to know certain things about cholesterol as a chemical substance and its role health and disease. Interestingly, although cholesterol is an essential substance for … Read more

22 Causes of Cough – Understanding Acute and Chronic Cough in Adults

Coughing is a reflex action where the air is rapidly expelled from the lungs to clear excessive secretions, fluids, or foreign material from the airway. Therefore, cough is an important respiratory defense mechanism. However, coughing may also be a symptom of an underlying disease. Apart from the discomfort of coughing itself, excessive coughing can cause multisystem problems. For … Read more

Lyme Disease – 15 Questions and Answers About Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

In the early fall of 1975, two mothers from Old Lyme, Connecticut, desperately sought medical help because of a mysterious outbreak of a strange, unexplainable disease.  Both children and adults were affected, and arthritis appeared to be the most prominent symptom. It was soon discovered that many patients also reported a skin lesion with an … Read more