17 Important Causes of Chest Pain

Chest pain

Chest pain is a common symptom associated with a variety of underlying causes. More than six million people visit hospital emergency departments in the United States each year because of chest pain (1). The cause of chest pain may vary from life-threatening conditions to those that are relatively harmless. Chest pain is most commonly caused by … Read more

Non-HDL Cholesterol (non-HDL-C)

Non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C) is a fraction that can be easily calculated from a traditional lipid panel. The value is strongly associated with an increased risk of heart disease. Over the years, LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) has been most commonly used to predict risk (1). However, current evidence suggests that non-HDL cholesterol may be a better tool … Read more

Coronary Artery Calcium Score – CAC Scoring Explained

Coronary Calcium Score

Measurements of coronary artery calcium score (CAC scoring) are commonly used to assess future heart disease risk. When we age, calcium deposits can be found in many parts of our bodies. Calcification in the arterial walls is common in people aged 65 and older. So, to some degree, calcification of arteries can be regarded as … Read more

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) – An Update

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also termed myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is an illness that has attracted a good deal of attention lately, mainly because of a proposed relationship with COVID-19. A couple of years ago, I wrote a blog post addressing 19 important causes of fatigue (1). ME/CFS was on the top of that … Read more

Tennis Elbow and Golf Elbow – Lateral and Medial Epicondylitis

Tennis and golf are two of my favorite recreational sports. Although the purpose of these activities is to provide breathing space and pleasure, nuisance tends to be hard to avoid. Hence, relaxation is frequently overtaken by eagerness, and amusement is replaced by frustration. In my case, this is particularly true for golf.   When I … Read more