The Difference Between LDL-C and LDL-P

The lipid hypothesis, suggesting a causative role for cholesterol in atherosclerotic heart disease is by many considered one of the best proven hypotheses in modern medicine. Measurements of total cholesterol, and the amount of cholesterol bound to different lipoproteins, are commonly used to assess the risk of future cardiovascular events. However, recent research into the role … Read more

Apolipoprotein B (apoB)

Atherosclerosis may be described as a chronic inflammation in the arterial wall. It is caused by a complex interplay between lipoproteins, white blood cells (macrophages), the immune system and the normal elements of the arterial wall. This process leads to formations of atherosclerotic lesions or plaques that may protrude into the lumen of the artery … Read more

PCSK9

These are exciting times for the field of cardiovascular medicine. Despite huge improvements in risk factor modification and progress in medical and surgical therapy, cardiovascular disease remains the most frequent cause of death among most nations. However, increased understanding of the mechanisms behind atherosclerosis, the role of lipoproteins, inflammation and other factors, has opened gates to … Read more

Ten Scientifically Proven Benefits of Low-Carb Diets

Public health guidelines generally focus on recommendations that guarantee adequate nutrition, vitamins, and minerals. Furthermore, they emphasize balancing calorie intake with physical activity. Dietary guidelines usually recommend eating healthy foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, seafood, and to consume less sodium, saturated fats, trans fats, added sugars, and refined grains. … Read more

LDL-Cholesterol – The “Bad” Cholesterol Explained

LDL-CLow density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is an important factor when assessing the risk for developing heart disease. LDL -particles, in particular those who are small and dense, are atherogenic and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is a strong and graded correlation between LDL-C and the risk of CVD, both in women and men, although this has been debated by some investigators. The evidence that reducing plasma LDL cholesterol reduces CVD risk is unequivocal. According to the European Society of Cardiology, the results of epidemiological studies as well as trials with angiographic or clinical endpoints confirm that the reduction of LDL cholesterol must be

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